Hemorrhoids develop when the veins around the anus and lower rectum become inflamed and irritated. Hemorrhoids can cause symptoms such as itching, burning sensations, pain, swelling, the appearance of lumps surrounding the anus, and bleeding when moving the bowels. They can be caused by increased pressure from pregnancy or obesity, straining during bowel movements, or persistent diarrhea or constipation. Hemorrhoids affect older adults more frequently. This is because the tissues around the veins are very delicate and can stretch or weaken with age.
A variety of treatments is available at the practice to address hemorrhoids. They will be based on how much the hemorrhoids are affecting the patient. When the condition is less severe, the hemorrhoids will be addressed with medicated ointments, creams, pads, and/or suppositories. Occasionally, a small clot can form within hemorrhoid. If this occurs, the doctor will perform a minimally-invasive procedure to address it. Ligations can also be used to cut off blood flow to hemorrhoid, which then wilts and falls off. In some instances, hemorrhoid can be shrunk by injecting it with a chemical solution. Another alternative is coagulation laser therapy. This treatment uses an infrared light or heat to harden and shrink small hemorrhoids. In more serious cases or when less invasive treatments have not been effective, the physician can use surgical treatments such as a hemorrhoidectomy or hemorrhoid stapling. The hemorrhoidectomy is the removal of the excessive tissue. Hemorrhoid stapling is an alternative method to restrict blood flow to hemorrhoid, again causing it to wilt and fall off.
As the most common cause of hemorrhoids is straining during a bowel movement, maintaining soft and easily passed stools is the best way to prevent them from forming. A few practices which can encourage healthy bowel movements includes:
Our practice accepts most major insurance plans and most of the smaller insurance plans. If we do not participate with your insurance and your plan allows out of network benefits, our office staff will assist you with the necessary paperwork so you can receive reimbursement directly from your insurance company. If you do not see your insurance listed below, please call the office to speak with one of our knowledgeable staff members about your individual coverage.